Mary Meeker’s Internet Trends report has, over the last couple of decades, become something of a bible for those interested in monitoring the evolving nature and growth of ecommerce and the wider online landscape. The venture capitalist has a long-established reputation as an internet seer, identifying nascent industry trends from around the world thanks to her eponymous annual almanac of charts, graphs and illuminating insights.
2018’s edition arrived hot off the press at the end of May and contained within it numerous fascinating speculations about how internet adoption around the world is influencing the global economy. Everything from health care to employment and transport to leisure time is, according to Meeker, being profoundly altered by the new possibilities afforded by the internet.
Of course, no discussion of the internet’s manifestations would be complete without reference to the worlds of ecommerce and online advertising. Both receive a large amount of attention within the report and both are demonstrably shown to be growing globally.
Last year’s version of the report identified the seminal point at which global online ad spend overtook global TV for the first time during 2017. Total global online ad spend amounted to over $200bn in 2017 and it looks set to keep on increasing its share over the coming years.
Given this seemingly healthy predicament, two questions seem pertinent in light of the theme of this whitepaper:
1. Why does the internet need saving?
2. How can affiliate marketing save it?
The first question is arguably the easier one to respond to. You would need to have spent the last two years living under a proverbial rock not to have been privy to the negative headlines that the digital advertising and wider online industries have been characterised by in the media.
From the fallout of the Cambridge Analytica scandal to wider data privacy concerns following numerous high profile hacks and breaches of valuable personal information and reports of online ads funding terrorist groups, there have been a litany of damaging stories.
With so much negative press, perceptions of the internet and the companies that constitute it have changed. Users have called for protection, newspapers have cried foul and governments have sought to regulate in an attempt to take back control.
2018 has also seen the launch of GDPR, the EU’s General Data Protection Regulation, arguably the world’s first concerted legislative effort at attempting this level of regulatory control. Whilst the predicted fallout from this legislation is yet to be accurately verified, its symbolic value is already significant. It represents a seismic change in the cultural climate surrounding the internet, its use by individuals and the fundamental economic model at its centre that allows it to function; namely, online advertising. GDPR is just the tip of the iceberg though. The challenge that it asserts to the commercial web is one that may well escalate in the coming years and online advertising must evolve if it is to remain the best possible means of funding a free and open web.
So why can affiliate marketing provide a solution to this predicament? Admittedly, it doesn’t currently warrant the status to stake this kind of a claim. It makes up an extremely small portion of worldwide digital ad spend. In this year’s Awin Report, our definitive guide to the global affiliate industry, we estimated that the global spend of advertisers on affiliate marketing in 2017 was around $13bn, less than 7% of that wider industry sum of $200bn.
And yet, in this current climate where the online ad industry and wider internet is under scrutiny like never before, there is an opportunity for affiliate marketing to grow its influence, offering a solution to many of the criticisms that have been made and striking a fair balance between what users, publishers and advertisers all want from the internet.
Before we make the case for why that might be though, it’s worth first establishing some historical context. By looking back to the origins of the internet and its initial creation and adoption, we can understand a little more about its rapid success and why the seeds that were sown in this early stage have led to some of the issues and controversies that we now find ourselves entangled in.